Prise en charge symptomatique de l’ascite maligne en phase palliative: place de la paracentèse et des diurétiques. Supportive care for malignant ascites in. Chez dix patients cirrhotiques porteurs d’une ascite sous tension, la pression voie endoscopique au moyen d’une fine aiguille, avant et après paracentèse. Mr G. presented for acute care 3 weeks ago with tense ascites, which was managed with a large volume paracentesis (LVP) of approximately 4 L. He was.

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Small bowel Bariatric surgery Duodenal switch Jejunoileal bypass Bowel resection Ileostomy Intestine transplantation Jejunostomy Partial ileal bypass surgery Strictureplasty. Literature paracfntese ascites control by aldosterone alone or in association with furosemide.

Fundamental to the formation of ascites in cirrhosis are portal hypertension, which causes splanchnic vasodilation, and activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, further resulting in renal sodium retention. If more rapid symptom pagacentese is required, or if the patient has recurrent ascites, then starting combination therapy from the onset should be considered. Epub Oct Artificial extracorporeal liver support Bioartificial liver devices Liver dialysis Hepatectomy Liver biopsy Liver transplantation Portal hypertension Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt [TIPS] Distal splenorenal shunt procedure.

Decision making on the management of ascites depends on the severity of symptoms and not the presence of ascites in and of itself. In most cases, ascites is due to peritoneal carcinomatosis in which vascular permeability is enhanced by VEGF production while lymphatic drainage decreases. Appendicectomy Colectomy Colonic polypectomy Colostomy Hartmann’s operation.


Ascites in patients with cirrhosis

Indwelling catheters, such as a pigtail catheter or a pleural catheter, are an option for those patients who require frequent paracenteses. The series explores common situations experienced by family physicians doing palliative care as part of their primary care practice.

If you are a subscriber, please sign in ‘My Account’ at the top right of the screen. Paracentesse have shown that spironolactone monotherapy and combination therapy with spironolactone and furosemide are equally effective at relieving ascites.


Support Center Support Center. Articles with incomplete citations from June All articles with incomplete citations CS1 maint: The procedure is used to remove fluid from the peritoneal cavity, particularly if this cannot be achieved with medication.

Views Read Edit View history. Liver Paracentee extracorporeal liver support Bioartificial liver devices Liver dialysis Hepatectomy Liver biopsy Liver transplantation Portal hypertension Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt [TIPS] Distal splenorenal shunt procedure.

The indication of diuretic treatment is left to the appreciation of physicians. While paracentesis and diuretics are commonly used, their efficiency has never been compared in a randomized controlled study. He is no longer able to swallow his medications including his diuretics.

Diuretics Second-line therapy includes the use of diuretics. Archived from the original on Place of paracentesis and diuretics. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy Barium paracetnese Upper gastrointestinal series. Prospective evaluation of the PleurX catheter when used to treat recurrent ascites associated with malignancy. Fecal fat test Fecal pH test Stool guaiac test. Please review our privacy policy.


Paracentesis – Wikipedia

The medical management of ascites includes sodium restriction and use of diuretics. He is married and has 3 adult children.

Int J Clin Oncol. Permanent catheters can be under continuous or intermittent drainage, with the frequency determined by the patient in accordance with symptom control. Once ascitic fluid is mobilized and symptom control is achieved, the dosage of diuretics needs to be reconsidered with the goal of maintaining symptom aascite with the lowest dose of diuretics possible in order to prevent diuretic-induced side effects.

Ascites in patients with cirrhosis

The decision whether to continue serial therapeutic paracentesis versus considering a permanent indwelling catheter is guided by the patient and his or her burden of disease, prognosis, and goals of care. A count of WBC per ml or higher is considered diagnostic for spontaneous bacterial peritonitis. Ascites can also be secondary to portal hypertension, for example in case of multiple liver metastases, or due to lymphatic obstruction.