ABU RAIHAN AL-BIRUNI. ( A.D.). Abu Raihan Mohammad Ibn Ahmad al-Biruni was one of the well-known figures associated with the court of King. celebrating the anniversary of Abu Raihan Al-Biruni, a Muslim scholar often regarded as one of the greatest scientists of the medieval Islamic. Abu Raihan al-Biruni () was an Iranian scholar and polymath from Khwarezm — a region which encompasses modern-day western.

Author: Mugrel Fenribar
Country: Solomon Islands
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Literature
Published (Last): 1 June 2004
Pages: 242
PDF File Size: 19.98 Mb
ePub File Size: 5.41 Mb
ISBN: 253-7-95823-636-8
Downloads: 96831
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Dogore

He learnt Hindu philosophy, mathematics, geography and religion from thre Pandits to whom he taught Greek and Arabic science and philosophy. Retrieved Aug 12, Little is known of his early life.

Remembering Al-Biruni – the first anthropologist : House of Wisdom

You may find it helpful to search within the site to see how similar or related subjects are covered. The book was not just a collection, however, with accurate input from Al-Biruni where he developed many new mathematical techniques to improve on the measurements from the previous astronomers.

We’ve sent an email to Please follow the instructions to reset your password. It was only hundreds of years later in the West, that his books became read and referenced again, especially his book on India which became relevant to the British Empire’s activity in India from the 17th century. In it he not only defended the role of the mathematical sciences against the attacks of religious scholars who could not understand the utility of the mathematical sciences but also detailed all that one needed to know about determining longitudes and latitudes on land.

His scientific method, taken together with that of other Muslim scien- tists, such as Ibn al-Haithamlaid down the early foundation of modern science.

Later years and significance In Islamic world: In a celebrated preface to the book of Drugs, Biruni says, “And if it is true that in all nations one likes to adorn oneself by using the language to which one has remained loyal, having become accustomed to using it with friends and companions according to need, I must judge for myself that in my native Khwarezmianscience has as much as chance of becoming perpetuated as a camel has of facing Kaaba.

Related Articles (10)  FLUKE C550 PDF

Kathor Khiva[1] KhwarezmAfrighid dynasty modern-day Uzbekistan. At the bottom of the article, feel free to list any sources that support your changes, so that we can fully understand their context. Journal of Near Eastern Studies. Different forts and landmarks were able to be located, legitimizing Al-Biruni’s contributions with their usefulness to even modern history and archeology. Nasr, “An introduction to Islamic cosmological doctrines: Many consider Al-Biruni one of the greatest scientists in history, and especially of Islam because of his discoveries and methodology.


Translated by Berjak, Rafik. Besides being a challenging mathematical problem, determining the direction of Mecca is a religious requirement for the performance of the ordained five daily prayers al-hiruni Islam. That the name was pronounced in this way in Central Asia about the author’s time, we learn from indisputable statement regarding our author from the pen of Alsam’ani, a philologist and biographer of high repute. Check date values in: In his major extant astronomical work, the Mas’ud CanonBiruni utilizes his observational data to disprove Ptolemy’s immobile solar apogee.


Al-Biruni – Wikipedia

He did not seem to disprove any, but to understand them all and the common themes that flow through them. The Chronology of Ancient Nations: Even though Islam did al-biiruni his study, he did acknowledge the role of the elements.

Ahmed concluded that Al-Biruni can be considered as the first Anthropologist, [46] however, others argue that he hardly can be considered an anthropologist in the conventional sense. Please try again later.

Alhazen’s problem Islamic geometric patterns. In both cases he treated these matters with a scientific objectivity that matches the modern explanation.

Conscience al-birunl History in a World Civilization. Biruni documented everything about India just as it happened.

Abu Raihan Mohammad Ibn Ahmad al-Biruni was one of the well-known figures associated with the court of King Mahmood Ghaznawi, who was one of the famous Muslim kings of the 11th century A.


However, he lived well into his seventies, and, since some of his surviving al-biruno are not mentioned in this index, the index is a partial list at best. Pingree, David February 1, We, too, have composed a book on the subject called Miftah-ilm-alhai’a Key to Astronomyin which we think we have surpassed our predecessors, if not in the words, at all events in the matter.

The stones adorning the hilt and scabbard of the sword have talismanic significance. Learn More in these raian Britannica articles: Enter your log in email address and we’ll send you a link to reset your password. His investigations included description of various monstrosities, including that known as “Siamese” twins. Geologyphysicsanthropologycomparative sociology al-birubi, astronomyastrologychemistryhistorygeographymathematicsmedicinepsychologyphilosophytheology.

In our Time — Al-Biruni”. He treated religions objectively, striving to understand them on their own terms rather than trying to prove them wrong. The classical results of Archimedes in the theory of the centre of gravity were generalized and applied to three-dimensional bodies, the theory of ponderable lever was founded and raihaj ‘science of gravity’ was created and later further developed in medieval Europe.

Babylonian mathematics Greek mathematics Indian mathematics. Steel, wood, turquoise, coral, emerald, gold; Dimensions: My book is nothing but a simple historic record of facts.

His book on Indian culture is by far the most important of his encyclopaedic works. He deduced its existence on the basis of his accurate estimations of the Earth’s circumference and Afro-Eurasia ‘s size, which he found spanned only two-fifths of the Earth’s circumference, and his discovery of the concept of specific gravityfrom which he deduced that the geological processes that gave rise to Eurasia must’ve also given rise to lands in the vast ocean between Asia and Europe.

There was a problem with your submission.